Computer Science is valuable for almost every job and profession. The study of computer applications is an insight into the functioning of commerce and industry, and the techniques of problem solving. There is a wide range of careers for people with some knowledge and expertise in computing as accountants, statisticians, mathematicians, actuaries, as well as economists. There are opportunities in ATC, Civil Service, Health Service and in engineering, publishing and many other technical careers. At present there is a severe shortage in the UK for computer programmers and ICT qualified personnel in general.